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  • Time change leads to sleep disruption for many :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    fall and spring often further disrupts circadian rhythms which play a major role in regulating sleep for people already struggling with sleep problems Roseanne Armitage Ph D director of U M s Sleep Chronophysiology Lab and a professor of psychiatry was quoted in an Ottawa Citizen article on the topic Recent Entries Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Featured Video Recent Posts Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Twitter Tweets Categories Featured Honors Awards In Memoriam In the News UMHS Press Release Uncategorized Tags

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/11/02/time-change-leads-to-sleep-disruption-for-many/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Conroy elected AASM Insomnia section chair :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    Sections Committee Each section reflects one of the main classifications of sleep disorders as defined in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders 2nd Edition The eight section chairs form the Membership Sections Committee serving as a link between the AASM s section members and the AASM Board of Directors Recent Entries Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Featured Video Recent Posts Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Twitter Tweets Categories Featured Honors Awards In Memoriam In the News UMHS Press Release Uncategorized Tags addiction

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/04/19/conroy-elected-aasm-insomnia-section-chair/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Sleep problems may up suicide risk, U-M researcher finds :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    scientists examined the relationship over one year between three characteristics of insomnia difficulty falling asleep difficulty staying asleep and waking at least two hours earlier than desired and three suicidal behaviours suicidal thoughts planning and attempts in 5 692 Americans About 35 percent of those studied reported experiencing at least one type of sleep disturbance in the preceding 12 months The most consistent link was seen for early morning awakening which was related to all suicidal behaviours People with this problem were twice as likely as those with no sleep problems to have had suicidal thoughts in the preceding 12 months 2 1 times more likely to have planned suicide and 2 7 times more likely to have tried to kill themselves Difficulty falling asleep was a significant predictor of suicidal thoughts and planning Compared with people who reported no sleep problems those who had trouble initiating sleep had 1 9 times the risk of suicidal ideas and 2 2 times the risk of planning suicide People who had trouble sleeping through the night waking up nearly every night and taking an hour or more to get back to sleep were twice as likely to have thought of suicide in the last year and were three times more likely to have attempted it than those who had no sleep problems The results were adjusted for several factors known to influence suicide including substance abuse depression anxiety disorder and other mood disorders as well as chronic medical conditions such as stroke heart disease lung disease and cancer They were also adjusted for the influence of sociodemographic factors such as age gender and marital and financial status How sleep disturbance might increase the risk of suicide is still poorly understood Wojnar said Scientists have proposed that insufficient sleep may affect cognitive function

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2009/04/03/sleep-problems-may-up-suicide-risk-u-m-researcher-finds/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Does motherhood dampen the effects of cocaine? :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    to the issue of how best to treat addiction While we have not yet identified a mechanism to explain these differences they do suggest that the reward system and brain circuitry affected by cocaine is changed with maternal experience says Cummings a research investigator at MBNI and former postdoctoral fellow in Becker s laboratory The next step is to determine how factors such as hormone changes in pregnancy and early motherhood and the experience of caring for offspring might be differentially contributing to this response While rats and people are admittedly very different research on rodents allows scientists like Cummings and Becker to study brain chemistry and drug related behavior in detail and pave the way for translating those findings to human drug treatment With drug use and abuse among women on the rise gender specific understanding and treatment is becoming more important than ever Cummings says In general researchers already know that motherhood can give animals a better memory and ability to navigate compared with non mothers and that these effects last beyond the time that the mother is caring for her offspring The new research used a system that gave rats access to cocaine if they poked a dispenser with their noses a minimum number of times At first when the number of pokes needed to get a dose was low the mother rats took more drug than the non mothers after exposure to a brief stressful situation But as the researchers ramped up the number of pokes needed to as high as 70 the stressed mothers became more likely to stop seeking doses The researchers also used a technique called microdialysis to measure the level of dopamine in the rats brains especially in an area called the nucleus accumbens which is considered the brain s pleasure center In this measurement of neurological response the mother rats dopamine levels after receiving cocaine were much lower than those of non mothers Even though there was reduced dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens of rats that had been mothers many of their behavioral responses to cocaine were the same or greater than non mothers indicating that there are downstream long term changes to the brains of the rats that had been mothers says Becker The research focused on female rats that had given birth to and reared one litter of pups compared with those that were virgins Future experiments Cummings says might look at the impact of those that gave birth but didn t rear their pups and those that reared pups born to other rats but never gave birth themselves Only through this careful research can the impact of hormones be teased apart from the impact of the actual motherhood experience The research was funded by two grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse part of the National Institutes of Health NIH 5R21 DA27924 2 and NIH R01 DA012677 In addition to her main appointment as a professor in the U M Department of Psychology in the College

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/10/15/does-motherhood-dampen-cocaines-effects/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Helping military spouses, partners through deployment stress :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    Ph D the leader of HomeFront Strong and an assistant professor of psychiatry Yet most military mental health programs offer only limited support extended to the family members who are also facing challenges HomeFront Strong is intended to fill this void Particularly on Veterans Day we are honored to serve the families that serve us By honoring families we are also honoring our service members and veterans M SPAN programs have been developed by faculty and staff from the U M Depression Center and Department of Psychiatry in collaboration with the Michigan Army National Guard and Michigan State University Read about additional opportunities and initiatives underway at U M to keep veterans and their families strong and to celebrate their service and sacrifices Recent Entries Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Featured Video Recent Posts Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/11/08/helping-military-spouses-partners-through-deployment-stress/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Bocknek receives 2012 Ouida Clinical Scholar Award :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    National Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Study At U M Dr Bocknek collaborates on a longitudinal investigation of maternal postpartum psychopathology and related outcomes for young children Maternal Anxiety During the Childbearing Years or MACY PI Maria Muzik and provides research support for the Parent Child Relational Clinic developing an infant early childhood assessment core As a Women and Infants Mental Health fellow Dr Bocknek is currently collaborating with colleagues and expanding her work to include a focus on the biomarkers and gene X environment interactions of mental health problems Dr Bocknek is also newly becoming involved in a project to build effective outreach and support for military families with young children following deployment STRoNG Families PI Kate Rosenblum The Todd Ouida Clinical Scholar Award will support her work on this project as she investigates the relationships between the quality of triadic interactions and young children s regulatory outcomes amidst the disrupted family patterns common to military families Findings from this work will inform interventions with the many young children and their families impacted by parental military leave seeking to improve later mental health outcomes for this population via high quality early intervention Dr Bocknek has long been engaged with the Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health MI AIMH previously serving on the board and currently co chairing the biennial conference In 2009 MI AIMH awarded Dr Bocknek the first ever Hiram Fitzgerald Emerging Scholar Award Recent Entries Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/10/17/bocknek-receives-2012-ouida-clinical-scholar-award/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Supporting those balancing military and family life :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    who both strive to be good fathers across a great distance during deployment and those who remain as primary caregivers when their spouses partners deploy It s also an opportunity to remember the hard work of fathering after deployment when eagerly anticipated reunion brings both joy and challenges including reintegrating the service member or veteran back into the family unit reestablishing roles and routines and the potentially necessary adjustment to combat related injuries both visible and invisible Military kids and military families sacrifice and serve alongside service members As researchers from both civilian and active duty backgrounds we work to understand resilience in the face of challenge What we find is that individual resilience depends on a context of relationships Strong relationships among service members in their units and strong connections with friends extended family teachers co workers and others in the broader community for family members who stay behind provide the support needed to bear the burden of separation and worry The need for support and a strong community continues during the period of reintegration after the service member returns Read the full article on CNN s Security Clearance blog site http security blogs cnn com 2012 06 17 far away fathers day for parents in uniform puts focus on balancing military family life Recent Entries Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked on drugs who stays clean Study in rats finds genetic markers that influence addiction UMHS community mourns death of Kenneth Silk M D Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER Study shows promise Fashion design meets U M research in wearable human stem cell images Featured Video Recent Posts Dr Monica Starkman professor emeritus publishes novel based on career in psychiatry Who gets hooked

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2012/06/18/1064/ (2016-05-02)
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  • Advancing the national brain research agenda :: U-M Psychiatry and Depression Center Newsroom
    the development and application of new technologies that will enable researchers to produce dynamic pictures of the brain that show how individual brain cells and complex neural circuits interact at the speed of thought These technologies will open new doors to explore how the brain records processes uses stores and retrieves vast quantities of information and shed light on the complex links between brain function and behavior This initiative is one of the Administration s Grand Challenges ambitious but achievable goals that require advances in science and technology In his remarks today the President called on companies research universities foundations and philanthropists to join with him in identifying and pursuing the Grand Challenges of the 21 st century The BRAIN Initiative includes Key investments to jumpstart the effort The National Institutes of Health the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the National Science Foundation will support approximately 100 million in research beginning in FY 2014 Strong academic leadership The National Institutes of Health will establish a high level working group co chaired by Dr Cornelia Cori Bargmann The Rockefeller University and Dr William Newsome Stanford University to define detailed scientific goals for the NIH s investment and to develop a multi year scientific plan for achieving these goals including timetables milestones and cost estimates Public private partnerships Federal research agencies will partner with companies foundations and private research institutions that are also investing in relevant neuroscience research such as the Allen Institute the Howard Hughes Medical Institute the Kavli Foundation and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies Maintaining our highest ethical standards Pioneering research often has the potential to raise new ethical challenges To ensure this new effort proceeds in ways that continue to adhere to our highest standards of research protections the President will direct his Commission for the

    Original URL path: http://ummentalhealth.info/2013/04/03/advancing-the-nations-brain-research-agenda/ (2016-05-02)
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