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  • Environment Programme » Mekong River Commission
    of climate change The Mekong River Commission s Environment Programme works to support cooperation among MRC Member Countries to secure a balance between economic development environmental protection and social sustainability within the Mekong region In response to the Mekong s changing environment the Programme s aim is to ensure that basin management and development is guided by up to date environmental and social knowledge The Programme strives for more efficient environmental management cooperation For example it has facilitated the implementation of regional Procedures for Water Quality to maintain the river s water quality Linking people with their environment As the river is their lifeline millions of people in the basin need to understand the relationship between their everyday lives and the environment they live in The Environment Programme supports this by communicating water quality results and river water Report Cards to national line agencies To improve regional responses to environmental emergencies the Programme provides action plans for national governments The Environment Programme developed awareness and training kits that contain simple terms maps graphics about the Mekong River and its people and other useful materials in local languages When the Environment Programme conducts a survey or monitoring activity the communities they work with gain a greater understanding of how their daily activities impact the river s quality and in return their well being Transboundary cooperation in a complex environment The Mekong flows through six countries on its journey from the source on the Tibetan Plateau to the ocean The Environment Programme recognises that the Mekong s environmental issues are transboundary by nature and therefore focuses on developing knowledge and scientific data that covers the entire region Through a regional lens the Programme aims to promote dialogue between Mekong countries throughout the basin In response to the need to approach the Mekong s environment from a transboundary perspective the Programme is developing the Guideline for Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment TbEIA which sets a regional standard applicable to national activities Knowledge of the Mekong s environment is only useful if it reaches and is understood by vulnerable communities and authorities in order to make an impact The Programme produces a periodic outlook of environmental social and economic conditions of the Lower Mekong Basin The State of the Basin Report 2003 and 2010 The report helps Member Countries and stakeholders better understand the state of the Mekong s transboundary changes Programme Document For detailed information on the structure and components of the Programme review the Environment Programme Document Kits River Awareness Kit highlights key concepts on the key interconnected ecosystems of the Mekong River supposed to provide understanding of relationship between the river and its people With interactive maps and graphics it also introduces readers to river science outlining the physical world the living world people and the river Environmental Training Kit provides training materials in five languages The Kit has A list of Glossary 20 case studies from the Lower Mekong Basin Large volumes of course modules on sustainable resource and environmental development

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/environment-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Fisheries Programme » Mekong River Commission
    to support Mekong fisheries stakeholders from governments to local communities to make effective and sustainable use of the basin s fisheries resources that would alleviate poverty while protecting the environment The Programme addresses the sustainable management and development of fisheries for poverty alleviation by focusing on three strategies delivering knowledge and fostering understanding of key issues affecting fisheries in the region contributing to improved policies and institutions for better fisheries management and development and improving fisheries management skills and capacities in government agencies and fisher communities Making people aware of Mekong fisheries With its newsletter brochures and videos many of them in the four riparian languages the Fisheries Programme keeps the general public updated on what is happening in fisheries in the region It also provides advice on the key issues and threats through in depth scientific studies and technical reports directed at a specialised audience of fisheries and water managers scientists and policy makers The Programme fosters regional dialogue and the exchange of information and experience by diverse fisheries stakeholders This happens through regular events such as advisory meetings and technical symposia which promote the use of scientific fisheries information in making well founded decisions and implementing realistic plans Linking people s knowledge with action for sustainable Mekong fisheries development The production and dissemination of scientific and technical information is only justified when it leads to improvements of Mekong fisheries on the ground This is not a short term process For more than a decade the Fisheries Programme has campaigned for the acceptance of the importance of Mekong fisheries by governments and people It succeeded in having fisheries concerns taken up in policies on agriculture nutrition and natural resource management A key issue is the promotion of fisher participation in agencies judgments and decisions This approach is known as fisheries co management and is now implemented in all basin countries Improving people s fisheries management skills and capacities The Mekong fisheries are too large and too diverse for governments to manage effectively Fisheries management needs to be location specific and based on traditional knowledge held by members of the fisher community However in these fast changing times local wisdom has to be strengthened by expert advice Therefore one of the Programme s tasks is to foster the ability of government scientists to support user communities in fisheries management activities Another is the establishment of fisher groups and organisations and boosting their capacity to plan and implement sustainable fisheries management Fish don t carry passports Fostering cross and transboundary fisheries management The Mekong fisheries resources and important elements for their existence such as key habitats and flooding patterns are an interconnected system throughout the entire basin Many Mekong fish species are migratory and some cross national boundaries when moving from nursing and feeding to spawning grounds over their life cycle Because of the basin wide nature of the fisheries resources their management and sustainable utilisation will also have to be basin wide The Fisheries Programme addresses this on two levels

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/fisheries-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Flood Management & Mitigation Programme » Mekong River Commission
    minimise negative flood related impacts while preserving the benefits The Phnom Penh based Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre has helped state agencies in the four riparian countries manage flooding through data and tools that make timely flood forecasting and impact mitigation possible Forecasting and early warning During the June November flood season the Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre issues daily flood forecasts and warnings Data from 138 hydro meteorological stations is used to predict water levels at 23 forecast points on the Mekong River system The FMMP communicates these daily bulletins by fax e mail and on the MRC home page and dedicated Flood Forecasting Website to National Mekong Committees Non Governmental Organisations the media and most importantly the public The Programme s daily warnings provide government agencies and communities in Cambodia and Lao PDR with advanced notice of rising water levels Other preparedness tools provided by the Programme include flood markers and community billboards that provide clear information on the current and predicted water levels Through online postings radio communication dissemination of guidebooks as well as workshops FMMP strives to reach a wide audience throughout the entire Mekong Basin In the Mekong s tributaries flash flooding from intense rainfall is the largest risk for people and infrastructure The FMMP is also developing a flash flood guidance system for tributary rivers This tool will be used to indicate the likelihood of flooding of small streams overwide areas Supporting dialogue and knowledge production The regional Flood Forum serves to coordinate flood management activities with planners scientists international organisations and civil society organisations The Forum acts as a platform to share experiences information and lessons learned Forum proceedings are available in MRC Conference Proceedings and Workshops publications Since 2005 the Annual Flood Report has provided an overview of flooding in the Lower Mekong Basin These Reports which focus on a different theme each year can be found on the MRC Basin Reports page Transboundary solutions Effective transboundary flood management hinges on regional cooperation The Programme fosters greater cooperation and capacity by facilitating information sharing on transboundary flood issues The Programme has also organised training workshops and study visits that supports information sharing and first hand learning experiences These exchanges allow decision makers to share the lessons they have learned and support the development of region specific solutions More information Legal Aspects of the Mandate of the 1995 Mekong Agreement for Enhancing Cooperation in Addressing Transboundary Flood and Related Issues October 2007 working paper Transboundary Flood Issue Identification January 2008 working paper Explanatory Note Supporting Document to the FMMP Working Paper the Legal Aspects of the Mandate of the 1995 Mekong Agreement for Enhancing Cooperation in Addressing Transboundary Flood and Related Issues December 2009 Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Pocket Version of Explanatory Note Supporting Document to the FMMP Working Paper the Legal Aspects of the Mandate of the 1995 Mekong Agreement for Enhancing Cooperation in Addressing Transboundary Flood and Related Issues Programme Document From November 2010 until the end

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/flood-management-and-mitigation-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Information & Knowledge Management Programme » Mekong River Commission
    it available to the public through the MRC website and the Data and Information Services Portal Through the MRC Information System MRC IS the Programme provides ready access to environmental and socio economic models and data in support of regional planning in the Mekong River Basin The MRC Knowledge Hub The IKMP processes data from each MRC programme and provides assistance in quality control and management of this content The data will be developed into reader friendly content and make it publicly available The MRC Data and Information Services Portal supports information and knowledge management services It provides access to quality assured datasets from the MRC Master Catalogue The portal is operated with the MekongInfo website which provides a platform for sharing regional documents news and information on events Delivering up to date information to the region IKMP s hydrological network is vast With 17 river monitoring stations throughout the Lower Mekong Basin and two in China the Programme reliably provides daily hydrological information to the MRC during the flood season Along the Mekong s tributaries IKMP works with 32 stations equaling 49 stations in total that provides data every 15 minutes to national data centres and the MRC data terminal to better prepare communities in the event of floods and droughts This information is accessible to the general public through the MRC portal In the dry season IKMP uploads daily information in near real time information on descending water levels which can be easily compared with the previous year s levels This helps people plan for crop irrigation navigation accessibility and fisheries The Virtual Toolbox Modeling is one of the MRC s most valuable tools for predicting the impact of proposed hydropower schemes on the river heavy rainfall drought and climate change The Programme has recently developed a state of the art set of assessment tools known as the MRC Toolbox The Toolbox includes a number of modelling tools that are used as inputs for analysis and projection of environmental and socio economic impacts following changes in river system conditions These innovative modeling tools include a hydrodynamic model soil analysis model water balance model integrated water resources model and an erosion model The Decision Support Framework DSF is part of the Toolbox and serves as an important knowledge base for the LMB containing historical and current information on of the Mekong s environmental and socio economic conditions The Programme plans to build national level capacities on how to best utilise the tool box so it can be adapted to real world projects Programme Document For detailed information on the structure and components of the Programme review the Information and Knowledge Management Programme Document Development Partners France and Finland support the Information and Knowledge Management Programme Latest News We are hiring Exciting career opportunities with the Mekong River Commission Several positions available click to find out more Basin Development Strategy and MRC Strategic Plan 2016 2020 set the stage for new sustainable development As the Mekong River Commission commemorates the

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/information-and-knowledge-management-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Initiative on Sustainable Hydropower » Mekong River Commission
    Member Countries with technical advice on potential regional impacts of mainstream hydropower schemes ISH Supports cross cutting initiatives The MRC Initiative on Sustainable Hydropower ISH was established as a cross cutting initiative to achieve the benefits of a basin wide approach to hydropower and focuses on long term sustainability and mutually beneficial development The cross cutting initiatives that the ISH supports include The improvement of environmental and socio economic baseline information for hydropower planning and management The evaluation of hydropower and fisheries productivity Assessing the cumulative impacts of hydropower development scenarios including climate change considerations Attention to mechanisms for benefit sharing and innovative finance approaches focused on enhancing sustainable outcomes that meet stakeholder expectations Gender and hydropower development Hydropower development in the large river basin can have significant negative and positive social environmental and economic impacts Due to its complexity the social aspects of the construction and operation of large dams have been of particular concern and extensively studied However much more needs to be done in the Mekong to address the gender specific dimensions of hydropower development Women are among the most vulnerable groups when it comes to hydropower development activities However there is a lack of specific strategies and actions to increase the role and potential of women and men as stakeholders and actors of change in these large dam developments Therefore a balanced and comprehensive approach to tackle the gender related risks and opportunities associated with hydropower development and operation is urgently needed Specifically gender differentiated opportunities impacts and risks can be considered in a number of thematic issues in the figure below Specifically gender differentiated opportunities impacts and risks can be considered in a number of thematic issues in the figure below Gender and hydropower linkage Click the figure below for more detailed explanation To address a need for specific strategies and actions ISH with support from GIZ held a Regional Scoping Workshop on Gender and Sustainable Hydropower on 20 21 June 2013 in Bangkok Thailand The workshop provided an important platform to raise awareness and exchange ideas on how to promote gender mainstreaming in hydropower development Concrete activities to be implemented by the MRC and its stakeholders to improve gender sensitive hydropower were identified Please find the workshop report here With the inputs from the workshop GIZ has been producing a working paper entitled Gender and Hydropower Linkages Challenges and Good Practices that will be published soon As follow up to the recommended actions agreed by the four countries at the regional workshop ISH team working closely with GIZ technical advisor responsible for gender mainstreaming have integrated gender issues into ISH studies including ISH02 ISH11 and RSAT Please refer to specific studies for more details Hydropower and fisheries The ISH has been working with the MRCS Fisheries programme on aspects of fisheries and hydropower To date this work covers Fish and Hydropower Primer Fish and Hydropower issues are highlighted and key management approaches are described for general awareness of hydropower practitioners and regional line agencies

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/initiative-on-sustainable-hydropower/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Integrated Capacity Building Programme » Mekong River Commission
    an understanding with them on how to better integrate water resources management into their work plans and providing a platform for young professionals to develop their careers Developing knowledge in water resources management Integrating water resources management into other aspects of regional strategic plans and national project activities can bring about effective and equitable use of water and related resources However it is a task which requires concerted and well trained efforts National government agencies and other involved parties need to understand what integrated water resources management principles are and then how they can translate these principles into practical action that leave behind measurable change The programme does this through a number of capacity building activities which include supporting workshops building relationships among parties involved and exchanging knowledge with other river basin organisations and training the MRC s Junior Riparian Professionals on the relevance of this topic The Programme s goal is to strengthen water resources management at the regional level and for Mekong governments to apply more effective strategies across sectors and ultimately across borders Mainstreaming gender perspectives In the Lower Mekong Basin social and cultural context defines different roles and responsibilities between females and males Both genders also have different needs interests and capacities To achieve optimum development that improves the quality of life for people in the region the MRC aims to mainstream gender perspectives in our policies and programmes to ensure equal benefits among women and men The ICBP provides technical advice on gender equality to other MRC programmes and initiatives as well as for the MRC Strategic Plan 2011 2015 Creating opportunities building relationships One of the founding pillars of the Programme s capacity building efforts is its Junior Riparian Professional project JRP The MRC s junior professional training project is tailor made to suit the needs of young professionals from Cambodia Lao PDR Thailand and Viet Nam The programme selects individuals interested in pursuing careers in water resources management and provides on the job training with the MRC In 2011 China and Myanmar participated in this programme for the first time More junior professional training exchanges with both dialogue partners are anticipated for the future As one of the MRC s most important capacity building projects the MRC s young professionals have applied their knowledge to careers in their home countries at ministries universities and international organisations in the field of integrated water resources management Programme Document For detailed information on the structure and components of the Programme review the Integrated Capacity Building Programme Document Related Pages For more information on the Junior Riparian Professional Project see the Working With MRC page Development Partners Australia New Zealand and Finland provide support to the Integrated Capacity Building Programme Latest News We are hiring Exciting career opportunities with the Mekong River Commission Several positions available click to find out more Basin Development Strategy and MRC Strategic Plan 2016 2020 set the stage for new sustainable development As the Mekong River Commission commemorates the signing of the

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/integrated-capacity-building-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project » Mekong River Commission
    national authorities What is Integrated Water Resources Management IWRM promotes the coordinated development and management of water land and related resources in a way that maximises economic and social welfare without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems This general definition of IWRM needs to be adapted to the specific needs and significant water management issues of respective river basins as in the case of the Mekong River Putting IWRM principles into practice The Mekong Integrated Water Resources Project builds on 15 years of MRC achievements particularly the Water Utilisation Project WUP which operated from 2000 to 2008 The Project developed important tools for integrated basin wide management that include MRC Procedures and Technical Guidelines as well as respective models to implement the 1995 Mekong Agreement The Mekong IWRM Project directly supports the MRC s strategic directions for 2011 to 2015 which assists Member Countries with implementing IWRM approaches in national water resources management and related sectors to support sustainable and equitable regional development on the basin wide scale The Project also supports and feeds into the IWRM based Basin Development Strategy approved by the MRC Council in January 2011 The Project has technically facilitated the first ever implementation of the prior consultation process of the Procedures for Notification Prior Consultation and Agreement PNPCA This process stipulates that prior consultation between all Member Countries is required for any development project proposed for the Mekong mainstream Regarding the submission of the proposed Xayaburi mainstream hydropower project M IWRMP technically coordinated the MRCS PNPCA Task Group and the development of the MRCS Prior Consultation Review Report A three tiered approach To assist Member Countries with improved water resources management the Project works towards the practical implementation of the MRC s Procedures and Guidelines The project implements the organisation s procedures and guidelines through a three tiered approach which combines the regional basin wide transboundary and national levels Cooperation communication and a reciprocal exchange of knowledge between all three levels are the Project s key approach to implementing effective IWRM At the regional level the Project addresses the basin wide scale and respective issues regarding joint IWRM planning and development through the MRC advisory and facilitation platform between all Lower Mekong Basin countries The transboundary level is strategically applied and focuses on bi and multilateral cooperation between the MRC Member Countries and cross country projects that are facilitated through the MRC Secretariat Such projects include for example transboundary fisheries management The Project also addresses gaps at the national level where help in implementation is needed in national water resources management to anchor IWRM approaches and merge them with the basin wide approaches A key characteristic of IWRM is that all activities are inter linked All approaches should contribute to each other working towards improved IWRM coordination Member Countries play a crucial role in the success of IWRM as they implement the integrated procedures through their relevant authorities mechanisms and structures The Project equally addresses issues that ensure the success of putting IWRM into practice

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/mekong-integrated-water-resources-management-project/ (2016-05-01)
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  • Navigation Programme » Mekong River Commission
    planning The Navigation Programme has coordinated several detailed surveys for improving traffic on the Mekong River system including a number of stretches along the Mekong Tonle Sap Vam Nao and Bassac Rivers The products of the surveys directly support more efficient and safer transportation on the Mekong River The Programme has also developed Electronic Navigation Charts ENCs of the Mekong Vam Nao and Bassac Rivers in Viet Nam which can be used by modern vessels with onboard computer based navigation information systems A number of design studies have been conducted as part of the Programme among other considerations they encompass waterway channels buoys and beacons standard specifications for ship locks for hydropower development and modern standards for passenger jetties Promoting cross border trade and transport In 2009 the Navigation Programme facilitated the formulation of the Agreement on Waterway Transport between Cambodia and Viet Nam This navigation agreement was the first between the two countries to reduce cross border navigation restrictions improve efficiency and safety standards The agreement provides rules and regulations to improve the safety of the shipping of dangerous goods such as oil and hazardous liquid cargoes thus making waterway trade in the region safer and more reliable As a result goods transported through the Phnom Penh Autonomous Port increased 45 in 2010 Enhancing waterway safety Waterway safety is a top priority for the Navigation Programme To establish a safer more navigable river the Programme installs operational aids to navigation consisting of specialised buoys and beacons along hazardous stretches Their use makes navigation possible 24 hours a day Safety has improved significantly on the marked channels in Cambodia and Viet Nam however night navigation along the Mekong River between the Lao PDR and Thailand is still challenging A Risk Analysis and an Environmental Impact Assessment are underway to determine the risks and impacts of increased navigation and port activities on the Mekong River in Lao PDR and Thailand with respect to the storage handling and carriage of dangerous goods The Programme implemented a Management Information System MIS for the Phnom Penh Autonomous Port to better facilitate vessel transportation and planning In addition two tidal monitoring stations have been installed at the Mekong and Bassac estuaries The stations will notify incoming and outgoing ships of the exact water levels at river entrances Additionally the Programme assisted with the development of an identification system to improve vessel tracking on the river between Phnom Penh and the Cambodia Viet Nam Border Through the Programme the MRC and the People s Republic of China have reached a new level of cooperation China has expressed a commitment to improve navigation safety on the Lancang Mekong River and to collaborate with the MRC and Myanmar to improve navigation on the Upper and Lower Mekong River Programme Document For detailed information on the structure and components of the Programme review the Navigation Programme Document Programme Updates Browse updates from the Navigation Programme Related Topics For more information visit the River Transportation Topic page Development Partners The

    Original URL path: http://mrcmekong.mrcdev.info/about-mrc/programmes/navigation-programme/ (2016-05-01)
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