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  • Knowledge House - Handwriting - Penmanship
    projects puzzles finger painting Play Doh or modeling clay building with Legos playing a musical instrument etc can all build small muscle coordination and fine motor skills which will aid in handwriting Have your child practice drawing basic lines and shapes slants diagonals ovals arches etc as preparation for writing the letter shapes Keep in mind that ovals and slanted lines are easier for children to form than round circles and straight lines Have your child practice shading an area with light medium and dark pencil lines to get a feel for what different amounts of pressure on the pencil will do Save paper by laminating an alphabet chart for your child to trace over with a wipe off marker Have an alphabet chart or sample letters words for children to refer to as they are writing Writing legibility or the lack of it is a common problem for young boys especially gifted ones Dyslexic children who experience mirroring or reversing of letters can find handwriting difficult Gifted children often have trouble with handwriting because their brain can think faster than their hand can write Learning how to write in cursive or italics may help The transition from ball and stick printing to a completely new alphabet of looped cursive is challenging for some children Letters shaped without lifting the pencil from the paper makes for smoother faster writing But looped cursive writing is not necessarily much faster than joined printing or italics Relax your hand from time to time by putting your pen or pencil down flexing your hand and wiggling your fingers Handwriting Basics Could your handwriting use some improvement Important factors to be considered for better handwriting include the proper selection of pen pencil and paper how the pen is held placement of paper sitting posture light source and ink flow Handwriting can also be influenced by our personal circumstances mood and health Sit with both feet resting on the floor with knees and hips bent at about 90 degrees Shorter children may need a footstool box or block on which to put their feet Keep your back straight supported by the chair The desk surface should be at the correct height so that your elbows are bent at about 90 degrees The writing hand should be resting lightly on the paper while you are leaning on the non writing arm Slant the top of the paper counter clockwise about 15 degrees for right handed students and left handed students who write with a hooked wrist above the writing line Slant the top of the paper clockwise for left handed students who write with the wrist below the line of writing Hold the paper steady with the non writing hand Hold your writing instrument firmly but not too tightly with the thumb and index finger Rest it near the large knuckle of the next finger The fingers should be placed far enough above the end of the paint on the pencil so that the pencil tip is visible The space between lines on writing paper will be wider for young children and gradually decrease to college ruled lines for advanced writers Skipping lines double spacing is okay too Special practice paper for beginners comes with lines marked to show the position and size of the letters as well as lines for capitals ascenders and descenders Young children may like to draw a picture on the top half of a page and write on lines on the bottom half You can purchase paper that is already printed in this way or you can print out some of your own Beginning writers may use crayons or a 2 pencil Sometimes a short stubby pencil is easier for a child to handle Older children can use ballpoint pens or mechanical pencils Students who are struggling with handwriting can benefit from thicker lead 0 9 or 0 7 mm instead of 0 5 mm soft contoured foam or rubber grips and oversized barrels The Bic XXL Retractable Ball Pen has an extra large barrel with foam grip The Bic Matic Fun mechanical pencil comes with colorful foam grips and sturdy 0 9 mm lead It may help beginners to place your hand on his to guide the pencil and verbalize the sequence for each letter as it is formed Letters should be made with the same sequence of movements every time The size slant and spacing of letters should be consistent Supervise your child s penmanship practice so that he or she is not repeating errors In a row of identical letters teach your child how to recognize the good and badly written ones Have him or her cross out the worst ones and circle the best ones Have your children practice writing both lower case and capital letters as well as numbers Letters within words should be placed right next to each other while the space between words should be a letter space apart It s okay for younger writers to leave a wider space Words should be written neatly at a comfortable speed The speed will increase as their writing ability improves After your child has mastered the basic letter shapes you can gradually add words and then sentences Once your child has mastered the basic letters like those found in a printed book teach your child to recognize and read other penmanship styles such as joined cursive letters Teach your child how to sign his full name in cursive Practice Makes Perfect Handwriting is an art form that needs to be practiced regularly in order to improve and gain mastery Practice writing quickly but legibly Time yourself and increase the speed as your penmanship improves Technology propagates handwriting problems because students don t get as much writing practice when they do most of their work on the computer Have your child practice their penmanship for at least ten minutes every day Writing the answers to questions in workbooks can count as penmanship practice Write out Bible memory verses

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/handwriting.html (2016-05-02)
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