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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    Gulf of Mexico Bartholomew Roberts was another pirate who operated along the American shores On the other side of the world the island of Madagascar off the east coast of Africa was a well known pirate headquarters During its heyday there would be as many as a dozen pirate ships harbored there at one time There were pirates in the Far East as well In the first half of the 17th century a Chinese pirate named Cheng sailed up and down the coast of China robbing merchant ships on their way to Europe While careful patrolling by modern navies and improved communications between ships has reduced the incidence of piracy some modern day pirates still exist particularly in the waters of Southeast Asia Of the hundreds of refugee boats leaving Vietnam in the 1980 s over half were attacked by pirates who robbed the boatpeople of their last precious belongings In 1991 there were 150 pirate attacks around Indonesia alone Pirates have also returned to the Caribbean they use high speed boats and prey on the wealthy yachts that cruise around the islands Did You Know Caribbean pirates who smoked their meat on grills called boucans were called buccaneers Anne Bonny and Mary Read were two famous women pirates While a few pirates liked to dress up in brightly colored clothes the popular image of the pirate with a plume in his hat and a parrot on his shoulder is largely a myth Most real pirates were dirty unshaven had broken or missing teeth poor skin and wore tattered rags or animal hides Few pirates if any had earrings Pirates had their own rules of conduct on board their ships Punishments for crewmembers who broke those rules included being flogged marooned keelhauled or forced to walk the plank Pirates occasionally did bury chests of treasure in secret places Many people have searched for buried pirate treasure but only a few have found some Have a Pirate Feast Salamagundi was a pirate stew To make some you will need one large pot with a lid one quart of cold water diced fish or beef diced hard boiled eggs chopped onions chopped cabbage salt pepper garlic and any other spices you like Place all of the ingredients in a large pot of cold water Turn the heat on low and cook for three hours Or you can use a covered cooking dish in the oven at 325 degrees for three hours Serve with dry bread hard biscuits or crackers Drink citrus or tropical juice For dessert have dried fruit Invite your friends and dress up like pirates Make Your Own Pirate Flag Pirates sailed under their country s flag until just before they attacked a ship Then they raised their pirate flag the Jolly Roger This symbol would send shivers up and down the spine of a merchantman Pirates designed their own flags usually some version of a white skull and crossbones on a black background They also sometimes included skeletons crossbones

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  • Knowledge House: Not Just For Kids
    is one reason why so many were built on Manhattan a rocky island in New York City The bedrock there is relatively close to the surface especially at the lower end Skyscrapers also provided a solution to the high cost of land in the city WTC Twin Tower Facts Minoru Yamasaki the architect who designed the WTC was the son of Japanese immigrants The WTC project was controversial at first and a lot of people didn t like the idea The Twin Towers were not identical Tower One a k a the North Tower was six feet taller than Tower Two a k a the South Tower The North Tower also had a 360 ft high radio antenna on top while Tower Two had an observation deck The twin towers were the first super tall buildings designed without any masonry The Twin Towers were so tall that they could cast a two mile long shadow 18 ¾ wide exterior support columns were set only 22 apart so the windows were like narrow slits The overall effect as seen from a distance looked like the towers had no windows at all Worried that intense air pressure created by the buildings high speed elevators might buckle conventional shafts engineers designed a solution using drywall fixed to the reinforced steel core The hollow tube design of closely spaced steel columns as well as the central core and elevator system were all innovative structural designs The buildings excavation took 2 years removing more than 1 2 million cubic yards of earth and rock It created 23 acres of new land along the Hudson River waterfront now Battery Park City The world s highest restaurant Windows on the World occupied the 107th floor 1 8 million people per year visited the Top of the World observation deck in Tower Two More than 100 000 people could occupy the Twin Towers at the same time They were so large that each tower was like a city in itself and each one had its own individual postal zip code The Twin Towers became the stars of many movies and TV shows When the WTC was first built a skydiver jumped from a plane onto the roof of Tower Two A few days later a parachutist leaped off the top of Tower One landing safely in the plaza below On August 4 1974 Frenchman Philippe Petit walked and danced across a tightrope stretched between the roofs of the Twin Towers the highest high wire act ever On May 26 1977 George Willis scaled up the side of the WTC tower using homemade clamps to grab onto the building and no rope or safety net He reached the top in 3 ½ hours Businesses with offices inside the WTC building represented 26 different countries On February 26 1993 a terrorist bomb exploded in the WTC basement killing six and injuring more than 1 000 people The WTC was closed for a month during the investigations and repairs On September

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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    plates They would pass one or two cups around for everyone to drink from Children usually stood at the table and shared a dish The Pilgrims liked to recite psalms and sing hymns such as Lord of the earth and seas and skies Thou Source Supreme of all supplies accept our praise for mercies given for mercies shewn on Earth from Heaven A Thanksgiving Hymn to Almighty God for His Blessing on the Harvest Pilgrim Timeline Plymouth Colony existed from 1620 until 1691 when it was incorporated into the Massachusetts Bay Colony During this time period the Dutch artists Rembrandt and Vermeer were painting masterpieces the Three Musketeers were guarding the king of France Isaac Newton was making scientific discoveries the First Folio edition of Shakespeare s plays was published in England and pirates of all nationalities were using the island of Tortuga as their base of operations in the Caribbean AUTHENTIC PILGRIM RECIPES adapted for modern kitchens Swizzle a refreshing drink You will need 1 quart water ¾ cup molasses ¼ cup white vinegar ½ teaspoon ginger Mix all the ingredients in a glass jar Shake them well Refrigerate overnight Serve cold Hot Nuts a popular dessert on winter evenings You will need 2 cups of unshelled mixed nuts walnuts hickory nuts and hazelnuts Preheat oven to 400 degrees Spread nuts in one layer on a heavy cookie sheet Bake in the oven for 15 minutes Remove nuts from oven Put the nuts in a bowl Give your guests plates and nutcrackers and invite everyone to help themselves to the hot nuts Cornbread a nutritious food eaten at almost every meal You will need 1 cup cornmeal 1 ½ cups whole wheat flour 4 cups water 1 teaspoon salt Place cornmeal and water in a pot and bring to a boil Lower the heat and cook stirring occasionally until it is very thick about half an hour Preheat oven to 375 degrees Mix the whole wheat flour and salt with the cornmeal Place ½ cup size mounds of cornmeal mixture one to two inches apart on an ungreased cookie sheet Gently press down each mound Bake for 15 minutes Turn cornbread over brown side up and bake for 10 more minutes Cornbread can be eaten hot with butter and maple syrup or simply eat it with your fingers Makes 30 cornbreads America the Beautiful By Katharine Lee Bates O beautiful for spacious skies for amber waves of grain For purple mountain majesties above the fruited plain America America God shed his grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood from sea to shining sea O beautiful for pilgrim feet whose stern impassioned stress A thoroughfare for freedom beat across the wilderness America America God mend thine every flaw Confirm thy soul in self control thy liberty in law GIVING THANKS Author Unknown For the hay and the corn and the wheat that is reaped For the labor well done and the barns that are heaped For the sun

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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids - April Fool
    a purse laying the purse on a sidewalk then jerking it away when someone attempts to pick it up In a variation on this theme a person might glue quarters to the sidewalk and watch people try to pick them up Other common practices consist of inviting friends to a fake party or setting the clock back or forward an hour Motley Fools A fool a fool I met a fool in the forest a motley fool Shakespeare As You Like It Long ago people did not have nearly as many forms of entertainment as we do now For their amusement kings and queens often had special servants called court jesters fools or harlequins The jester s duty was to say funny things and perform antics like modern clowns do in the circus If the king was in a bad mood he might call upon his jester to tell a joke that would make him laugh Woe to the jester who failed to amuse when called upon to do so Jesters were called fools because of the crazy or idiotic way they acted However many professional jesters were actually quite clever If a jester was really witty and amusing he enjoyed privileges that were denied to everyone else at court Rulers would often ask a jester for his opinions Sometimes a jester said very daring things A king might let his jester say things that other people wouldn t dare to say Jesters wore ridiculous looking costumes similar to those that some circus clowns wear today Many jesters had tiny bells attached to pointed caps and pointed shoes The cloth of a typical jester s costume was called motley meaning many colored because it had checkered patches of many colors A jester sometimes carried a fool s scepter which was a rod with a fool s head on the end The jester would make people laugh by pretending to be a king and acting as if his fool s scepter was a real scepter While the existence of royal jesters can be traced all the way back to ancient Greece they reached their heyday during the Middle Ages although the practice of having a court jester continued through the 17th century The fool often played an important role in Shakespeare s plays such as Twelfth Night As You Like It and King Lear Fools in the Bible The Bible contains many references to fools especially in Proverbs and Psalms These verses tell us to avoid fools to choose wisely and to live according to God s will God can rightly point out the foolishness of our deeds just as Jesus called the hypocritical Pharisees fools But Jesus tells us not to call anyone a fool simply out of unrighteous anger Matthew 5 22 So take heed of what the Bible says about foolishness That way you can more easily lead a smart and holy life The fool has said in his heart There is no God Psalm 14 1 The

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  • Knowledge House - Homeschool Information - Articles & Reviews - Hello
    straw in a stable under a star Through time and space God came down to earth and that is the miracle of Christmas The coming of Jesus brought the good news of God s love to the world a bright light in the middle of darkness a beacon of hope in the midst of despair and a message of peace in a time of turmoil God s gift of Jesus came for everyone for young and old for the poor and for the wealthy for people of all races and nations And that is the reason for the Christmas season this joyous time of year when we celebrate the birth of a blessed baby in a humble stable long ago Wise Men Still Seek Him When Jesus arrived the world hardly noticed how about you In your quest to find happiness are you overlooking the One who can bring true joy and peace He came that you may have life and live it to the fullest To know Christ is to receive all that Christmas was meant to be He is the greatest gift of all For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life John 3 16 As you sing Christmas carols and listen to retellings of the Nativity story keep in mind that it is not a myth or fairy tale it really happened The miracle of Christ s birth does not contradict science God created time matter energy and space He transcends and is outside of all these Scoffers and skeptics are biased against this truth Their own desire to live as they please without the knowledge of God disrupts their reasoning and closes their hearts to the Holy Spirit If you are not sure whether Jesus Christ is your Lord and Savior or if you are not convinced as to whether God even exists may I suggest beginning the new year by reading one or more of the following eye opening books written by former atheists who became Christians each of whom I might add are intelligent and well educated Reasonable Faith The Scientific Case for Christianity by Dr Jay L Wile The Case for Christ and The Case for Faith by Lee Stroebel Surprised by Faith by Dr Don Bierle Mere Christianity and The Screwtape Letters by C S Lewis I also encourage you to read The Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Bible with an open mind and let the Holy Spirit reveal Jesus Christ to you For I know the plans I have for you declares the LORD plans to prosper you and not to harm you plans to give you hope and a future Then you will call upon me and come and pray to me and I will listen to you You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart I will be found by you

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/xmas.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    the simple folk in some of the remote country churches caroling in general reverted to being an activity reserved for the home and on the streets at Christmas time Most of the carols that are popular today are of comparatively recent origin but some that we sing are so old that no one is certain when they were written or by whom During the 19th century many of these fine old carols were rediscovered in ancient manuscripts and revived by Victorian romantics Carols played an important role in the Victorian reinvention of Christmas as a largely domestic festival full of sentimentality and good cheer A huge number of new carols were written in the mid nineteenth century many in a pseudo traditional style It was the Victorians rather than Bing Crosby who invented the concept of the white Christmas bringing snow into the Nativity story They also wrote Santa songs and jingle bell tunes singing both sacred and secular songs with equal enthusiasm in their front parlors The early decades of the twentieth century saw continued efforts to collect long lost carols by those involved in the folklore revival At the same time the 20th century also produced many modern expressions of the Christmas story Carols are a living tradition and as such they are constantly being added to with new material Nowadays the repertoire of carols may include songs about the winter season that don t necessarily have anything to do with Christmas In the late twentieth century some traditional carols were even re written to fit in with social changes and political correctness by eliminating gender exclusive or overtly Christian language The politically correct multi faith carol purged of any reference to wise men Christ cribs or angels has taken carols back to where they started disconnected from Christmas or Christianity The general tendency of modern civilization with its interest in technology and commercialism has been to forget or even destroy traditional customs Yet for most people at Christmas time there is at least a brief revival of sentiment and tradition and a temporary return of belief in the Christian concept of the brotherhood of man This is expressed and celebrated in the Christmas carols that we know so well Many towns and cities have community Christmas trees and carol singing around them is a common pastime Groups of carolers visit hospitals and shut ins shopping plazas and malls Sometimes caroling groups are professional singers but more often they are just people who enjoy singing the beloved songs No gathering during the festive holiday season seems complete without the raising of voices in unison to the inspiring tunes and familiar words of the old favorite Christmas carols Even the oldest carols seem as modern and alive today as they were when they were first sung long ago Carols provide joyful messages stirring melodies great rejoicing and inspiration and an expression of hope for peace on earth The Twelve Days of Christmas As well as reflecting the mood of

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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information
    the wintertime Normally shepherds only stayed in the fields at night during lambing season Lambs were born in the springtime December 25 was originally called the Feast Day of the Nativity not Christmas Most authorities agree that the birthplace of the Christmas carol is Italy where in the 13th century St Francis of Assisi promoted the idea of singing during the Christmas season St Francis of Assisi is also credited with being the originator of the Christmas crèche in 1223 The image of the baby lying in a manger surrounded by animals was promoted by Francis and his followers St Francis of Assisi set up the first Nativity scene in the town of Grecchio Italy The scene consisted of a donkey and an ox with a straw filled manger between them St Francis also held a Christmas mass using the manger as an altar Many Protestant reformers rejected the celebration of Christmas because it was a holiday invented by man and not prescribed in the Bible The Pilgrims and the Puritans did not celebrate Christmas Their dim view of what they regarded as pagan revelry or alternatively papist idolatry was so pervasive that over a hundred years later Christmas in New England was a dull affair compared to the festive holiday of New York and the southern colonies The Massachusetts Bay Colony banned the celebration of Christmas in 1659 In Massachusetts anyone who missed school or work on December 25th was subject to a fine of five shillings The ban also specifically forbade Christmas related reveling card playing drinking and mirth The leaders felt that most people did not celebrate Christmas with the gravity it deserved which led to the dishounour of God and offence of others The Massachusetts Christmas ban stayed on the books for 22 years The celebration of Christmas gradually made headway in New England The Massachusetts legislature finally made Christmas a legal holiday in 1856 The Victorians invented the concept of the white Christmas while reviving the holiday as a secular festival full of sentimentality good cheer Santa Claus and jingle bells Stars and Stripes Forever was composed on December 25 1896 John Philip Sousa composed the patriotic anthem in his head while returning from a vacation to Europe Sousa claimed that the entire march was composed in his head before he ever wrote down one note of it The story of Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer was introduced to the public in 1939 as a gift for a department store Santa to give to the children Rudolph was created by Robert L May a copywriter for Montgomery Ward May s creation was originally a short story written in rhyming verse which he read to his 4 year old daughter Barbara Almost two and a half million copies were distributed the first year alone The first trial run of the World Wide Web took place on December 25 1990 The network consisted of two computers and a single server The prototype had only been in development

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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    a time when Ireland was not free Saint Patrick s Day Saint Patrick s Day March 17th is a national Irish holiday honoring Saint Patrick the missionary credited with converting all the people of Ireland to Christianity in the 5th century St Patrick s Day is the one national holiday that is celebrated in more countries around the world than any other It seems like everyone wants to be Irish However St Patrick s Day was originally considered to be a holy day in Ireland and there were no parades or festivities and no wearin o the green At one time green was actually considered to be an unlucky color Consequently the celebration of St Patrick s Day in Ireland always paled in comparison to other places Then in 1996 a group of creative individuals set out to change the perception of St Patrick s Day in Ireland and start a whole new tradition This St Patrick s Day Festival has since grown to become the largest annual celebration of Irishness anywhere in the world St Patrick s Festival is a uniquely Irish carnival of music street theatre fire and fireworks dance pageants and parades The first American celebration of Saint Patrick s Day was in Boston Massachusetts in 1737 School children started the tradition of pinching classmates who don t wear green on this holiday An Irish Blessing May your blessings outnumber the shamrocks that grow and may trouble avoid you wherever you go Shamrock Symbolism Shamrock is the common name for any one of several unrelated herbaceous plants with trifoliate leaves White clover was the original shamrock of Ireland Saint Patrick used the shamrock leaf to symbolize the Trinity Father Son Holy Spirit A shamrock leaf is worn on March 17th to commemorate Saint Patrick s Day By the way finding a four leaf clover on St Patrick s Day is double the good luck it usually is Did You Know Plants are green because their leaves contain a substance called chlorophyll Chlorophyll enables plants to carry on photosynthesis a process by which plants use the sun s energy to create their own food carbohydrates out of carbon dioxide and water Chlorophyll is a green pigment that masks the other colors and absorbs light in the red and blue violet portions of the visible spectrum The green light is not absorbed it is reflected and this is what gives plants their characteristic color As the chlorophyll amount decreases in preparation for winter the other colors become evident causing a dramatic change in the appearance of autumn leaves Shades of Green Tints and shades of green include the following apple green aquamarine avocado celadon celery green chartreuse beryl green blue green bottle green emerald forest green grass green holly green ivy green jade jungle green Kelly green lime meadow green mint green moss green olive green Paris green pea green pine green sage sea green shamrock green spinach green spring green spruce teal and yellow green It is said

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