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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    Parisians In 1742 British naval commander James Lind found that scurvy could be prevented as well as treated by consuming citrus fruits that are rich in vitamin C Following an especially long journey with many fatalities due to the disease Lind described miracle cures from drinking high doses of lemon juice Captain James Cook had the same experience with lime juice on his round the world voyages between 1768 and 1779 However their discoveries were largely ignored until the 19th century The demand for lemons increased greatly in the 1800 s after the advice of these two men was finally put into widespread practice Lemonade became a popular beverage during the Victorian era along with tea and root beer Florida was a major lemon producer until the devastating freeze of 1894 and 1895 destroyed most of Florida s lemon trees Abandoning commercial lemon culture in Florida the U S lemon industry moved to southern and central California with some lemons cultivated in Arizona as well Peak demand for lemons occurs in summer for lemonade and other drinks In American pioneer days lemonade would have been hard to come by out on the prairie In her book entitled On the Banks of Plum Creek Laura Ingalls Wilder recalled the first time she had some Is your lemonade sweet enough Mrs Oleson asked So Laura knew that it was lemonade in the glasses She had never tasted anything like it In the movie Gods and Generals General Stonewall Jackson likes lemonade but not too sweet According to legend the real Stonewall Jackson sucked on lemons in the belief that it was essential to his health Lemonade was also featured in The Sound of Music Uncle Max drank pink lemon ade with the baroness out on the terrace Not too sweet not too sour said Max Just too pink Did You Know The Israeli army puts lemon juice in their water This keeps them from getting dehydrated because it makes them want to drink more Frozen Lemon Juice If you have too many lemons to use right away squeeze the lemons and freeze the juice in ice cube trays Put the cubes in a Ziploc bag to keep them from dehydrating and store them in the freezer Fresh squeezed even frozen is better than that little plastic bottle from the store Even my 9 year old son prefers the juice of fresh picked lemons with the natural pulp of the fruit left in it to store bought lemonade Four cubes are about equal to the juice of one average sized lemon You can also freeze the juice in 1 or 2 cup containers for ease of use in making lemonade later Lemon juice deteriorates rather quickly in the fridge but when frozen it will keep for a year Harry s Lemonade Recipe from Cyberchase for Real Harry s lemonade is the best made from a secret recipe handed down from his grandmother and he decides to use it to impress his friend Jennifer

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/lemonade.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House: Not Just For Kids
    saucepan of barely simmering water Stir until smooth Cool slightly Whisk the butter sour cream sugar corn syrup egg and vanilla into the chocolate mixture In a large bowl mix together the flour baking soda and salt Make a well in the center of the flour mixture Pour the chocolate mixture into the well Mix until moistened The batter will be lumpy Stir in the chocolate chips Spoon the batter into the prepared cups filling each ¾ cup full Bake the muffins for 20 minutes or until a tester inserted in the center comes out clean Cool in pan for 5 minutes Peanut Butter Banana Muffins 1 3 4 cups all purpose flour 1 4 cup toasted wheat germ 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 2 teaspoon salt 1 cup mashed ripe bananas 1 2 cup honey 1 2 cup chunky peanut butter 2 large eggs 1 3 cup vegetable oil 1 4 cup brown sugar packed 1 teaspoon vanilla extract Preheat oven to 400 F Line 12 muffin cups with muffin papers Stir first 4 ingredients in small bowl to blend Using electric mixer beat bananas honey peanut butter eggs oil sugar and vanilla in medium bowl to blend Beat in flour mixture Divide batter among muffin cups Bake muffins until tester inserted into center comes out clean about 20 minutes Transfer muffins to rack cool Orange Muffins 3 cups flour 1 1 4 cups sugar 2 teaspoons baking powder 1 1 4 cups milk 3 4 cup vegetable oil 2 eggs 4 teaspoons grated orange zest 1 cup chocolate chips optional Preheat the oven to 350 F Line muffin pans with baking cups Combine the flour sugar and baking powder in a large bowl Make a well in the center of the flour mixture In another bowl mix the milk oil eggs and orange zest Stir milk mixture into the dry ingredients the mixture will be lumpy Do not over mix If desired add the chocolate chips Divide the batter among the muffin cups Bake the muffins until the tester inserted into center comes out clean about 20 minutes Transfer muffins to rack Chocolate Muffins 1 1 3 cups flour 1 cup sugar 1 3 cup unsweetened cocoa 1 1 4 teaspoon baking soda 2 teaspoons baking powder 3 4 cup vanilla yogurt 3 4 cup milk 1 teaspoon vanilla Heat oven to 400 F Line 12 muffin cups with papers Combine flour sugar cocoa baking soda and baking powder stir well In a separate bowl combine yogurt milk and vanilla Make a well in dry ingredients and fold in the wet ingredients just until moistened Fill muffin cups Bake for 17 20 minutes or until muffins test done Chocolate Banana Muffins 1 1 2 cups flour 1 cup sugar 1 4 cup cocoa 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 2 teaspoon salt 1 4 teaspoon baking powder 1 1 3 cups ripe bananas mashed 1 3 cup vegetable oil 1 egg 1 cup semisweet chocolate chips optional In a

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/muffins.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    4 Not Just For Kids Pizza s Tasty and Colorful History The modern version of pizza originated in the late 19th century but its origins can be traced back to the flavored flatbreads of the Mediterranean It is known that the Babylonians Israelites Egyptians and other ancient Middle Eastern cultures ate unleavened bread that had been cooked in mud ovens Records of people adding spices and other ingredients to bread can be found throughout ancient and medieval history including Greece and Rome The innovation that gave us the particular flat bread we call pizza was the use of tomatoes as a topping When the tomato was first brought to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century it was believed to be poisonous But by the late 18th century poor peasants in Naples Italy had started adding tomatoes to their yeast based flat bread Thus the pizza was born The dish gained in popularity and visitors to Naples would venture into the lower class areas of the city in order to try the local specialty Pizzas were originally sold from open air stands and street vendors The first dine in pizza restaurant Antica Pizzeria Port Alba in Naples opened in 1830 and is still serving pizza today They hand knead the dough and bake their pizzas in a wood fired domed oven Naples pizzas are round and soft in contrast to Rome where they prefer thin and crispy pizza baked in rectangular trays According to pizza purists there are only two types of authentic Neapolitan pizza Marinara the oldest has a topping of tomato oregano garlic extra virgin olive oil and basil This pizza got its name because fishermen liked to eat it when they returned home from the Bay of Naples Margherita pizza was created by pizza chef Raffaele Esposito and named in honor of the Queen This pizza was decorated with the colors of the Italian flag green basil leaves white mozzarella cheese and red tomatoes Pizza was introduced to the United States with the arrival of Italian immigrants in the late 19th century Vendors sold pizza on the streets of Italian neighborhoods in large cities such as San Francisco Chicago and New York City The first official pizzeria in America is disputable but it is generally believed to have been founded by Gennaro Lombardi in Little Italy Manhattan It wasn t until World War II that pizza became popular among the general population Allied soldiers occupying Italy discovered the local pizzerias and developed a taste for the dish The American troops brought their appreciation for pizza back home and thus the modern pizza industry was born In 1943 Ric Riccardo pioneered what became known as the Chicago style deep dish pizza at Pizzeria Uno in Chicago Illinois In 1948 the first commercial Roman Pizza Mix was produced in Worcester Massachusetts by Frank Fiorillo A generation later Tom Monaghan launched Domino s Pizza a pioneer in home delivery With the rising popularity of pizza chain restaurants soon moved

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/pizza.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    through both ends of the can the metal bottom and the plastic lid Push a skewer or unpainted wire coat hanger through the metal end of the canister Put a hotdog on the skewer Put the plastic lid on the canister and push the end of the skewer through the hole in the lid 4 Set your cooker out in direct sunlight on a table rock or other object that is raised off the ground Hopefully where animals or insects won t get at it Adjust the trough so that the sun is reflected onto the hot dog Rotate the skewer periodically to heat the hot dog on all sides You can also cook marshmallows and kabobs this way Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven You will need 1 pizza box from a local pizza store tape or non toxic glue scissors black construction paper clear plastic aluminum foil wooden dowel or ruler Directions 1 Draw a border at least one inch around all four sides of the top of a pizza box Cut along three sides leaving the line along the back of the box uncut 2 Gently fold the flap back along the uncut edge to form a crease Wrap the underside inside face of this flap with aluminum foil Tape or glue it so that the foil is held smoothly and firmly with not too much tape showing on the foil side of the flap 3 Open the box and line the bottom with black construction paper Tape it along the edges 4 Cut a piece of plastic an inch larger than the lid opening on the box top Tape it on the underside of the lid opening Heavy plastic laminate works best but if you must use plastic wrap make sure it is pulled tight 5 Add another piece of plastic to the top of the lid opening This creates an insulating layer of air to keep heat in the box Cooking Tips This shallow solar oven is ideal for heating S mores English muffin pizzas warming store bought cookies or biscuits It won t get super hot though so you can t bake or cook things in it On a sunny day take your pizza box oven outside Lay a folded towel blanket or thick newspaper underneath the box for insulation You may need to prop the oven up on one side so that it sits at an angle facing the sun directly Place a treat inside the box Open the reflective flap and use a dowel ruler or stick to adjust the flap so that it bounces sunlight into the box The shadow of the flap should go straight back from the back of the box Wait about a half hour then you can enjoy your sun warmed treat SIMPLE SOLAR RECIPES Solar Cooked Corn on the Cob Wrap an ear of corn with some inner leaves left on in plastic wrap Then place it inside a black sock a clean one please Cook

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/solar.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Famous Homeschoolers
    scenic spots Japanese fruit trees consist of apple pear cherry plum peach and orange Mulberry trees furnish food for silkworms Japanese farmers grow rice wheat sweet potatoes soybeans and tea The Japanese also harvest seaweed and catch large amounts of fish The Japanese adopted many ideas about art religion and architecture from the Chinese Their form of writing is similar using small brushes to draw symbols representing words or ideas Also like the Chinese Japanese people eat with chopsticks After European traders and missionaries began coming to Japan in the 16th century the Japanese decided to shut out all foreigners Japan remained isolated from the rest of the world for over 200 years until 1853 when U S Commodore Perry persuaded the emperor to open up Japan to American trade Soon the Japanese were taking on Western ways building factories railroads a strong army and navy Hundreds of years of rule by the samurai warrior class had made imperial Japan a warlike nation By the end of World War I Japan had become one of the world s great powers During the next 20 years Japan expanded its empire by conquest However Japan had to give up all its occupied territories in 1945 after its defeat in World War II when the U S dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Following this an Allied force led by Douglas MacArthur occupied Japan and helped to rebuild the country During this time Japan enacted a democratic constitution Japan is now one of the great industrial nations despite a lack of mineral resources which requires it to import most of its raw materials Japan became a leader in steel production as well as building automobiles and ships Modern Japanese workers are highly skilled in technology producing many televisions cameras and other consumer electronics For many centuries Japanese artists and craftsmen have excelled in ceramics porcelain laquerwork ikebana flower arranging bonsai cultivating miniature trees origami folding paper into shapes calligraphy woodblock prints and landscape painting The Japanese love of natural objects is reflected in their garden design Tsukiyama hill gardens feature hills ponds streams trees flowers bridges and paths Karesansui rock gardens are an abstract arrangement of stones gravel sand and sometimes a few patches of vegetation or boulders Chaniwa tea gardens are built around the tea house a place to forget the cares of the world and become absorbed in the beauty of nature Most Japanese people practice Buddhism and the ancient Shinto religion Japanese temples pagodas have roofs that curve up at the corners and are ornately carved with dragons and flowers The city of Kyoto is well known for its temples and religious processions Since Japan s cities are crowded and its highway systems underdeveloped many people rely on high speed Bullet trains Shinkansen to get around rather than driving cars The bullet train between Hiroshima and Kokura averages a speed of 164 mph which is the world s fastest scheduled train service Japanese houses are

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/japan.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House: Not Just For Kids
    eat and the type of homes in which they live Economic geography focuses on natural resources agriculture transportation and trade Political geography deals with manmade boundaries that are drawn on the earth such as nations and territories No matter where you look you can see geography is some form or another Go to a beach that s geography Climb a hill or mountain that s geography Use a map to navigate around town across the state or country that s geography Watch world events on the news that s geography too Geography captures the imagination It stimulates curiosity about the world and the world s diverse inhabitants and places as well as about local regional and global issues Geography for Life Did You Know Maps are a geographer s most useful tool Google Earth Search and Discover Google Earth is an amazing new software application that combines search and mapping capabilities with colorful satellite imaging I couldn t believe my eyes when I first saw it The beta version was released in June 2005 Google is making this program available for free not a trial mind you but a full version I was surprised at how fast and easy the download was for such an intensive program even on a dial up modem The program still needs to be connected to the internet while it s running and it takes a while for the streaming video to arrive at 100 It s worth the wait though to feel like you re really there Keep in mind that the images are not captured in real time but were taken by satellites and aircraft sometime during the last three years I was originally going to download this program and look at it more thoroughly later but I was so impressed with the beautiful opening view of Earth in space that I had to call my husband and kids to see it and we spent the next hour looking up places Have you ever wanted to fly around the world This program allows you to Fly To any location on the planet Once there you can zoom tilt pan or rotate the view The medium to high resolution terrain imagery provides an awesome full color aerial view of the entire globe including many major cities which have the option of displaying 3 D buildings Imagine exploring any area of the world that you want New York City London Paris check out the shadow cast by the Eiffel Tower Washington D C the Sahara Desert the Amazon River the California coast farm fields in the Midwest or your old hometown the possibilities are endless It has the best view of Mount Saint Helens that I ve ever seen and you can even travel down the Colorado River through a 3 D Grand Canyon If you can t take a trip in person this is the next best thing to being there In addition to famous landmarks you can look up businesses schools public places

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/geography.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    home Take a peek at some of the following virtual journeys Think of it as a vacation for the mind I ve tried to include something of interest to everyone in both the U S and abroad You can even fly to Mars if you want to Explore discover have fun Bon voyage www armchair travel com heritage index htm Take an in depth virtual tour of the Taj Mahal Royal Botanic Gardens and St Paul s Cathedral or take a quick look at 360 interactive panoramic views of Normandy Beach Piccadilly Circus Westminster Abbey and Berlin www vrtour it v2 en Panoramic Virtual Tours of scenic places around the world www virtuar com ysf2 San Francisco Online Virtual Walking Tour When you enter this walk through of the city you can see where you are going with your own eyes and experience the sense of being there Move forward turn left right turn around come back look closely at items and at distant attractions even fly and do other things These interactive pictures and the giant maze of routes make each trip unique www mbayaq org Monterey Bay E Quarium Live web cams provide a look at marine life in the exhibits and off the oceanfront decks from 7 a m to 7 p m Pacific Time Wade into tide pools Dive into a 3 D Kelp Forest and catch a feeding show See sharks rays sea otters and penguins Watch marine mammals seabirds and sailboats on Monterey Bay Look for open ocean animals in the Outer Bay Dive into Monterey Canyon s deep submarine canyon and encounter some of the strange creatures that live there A wonderful virtual sea experience www vthawaii com Virtual Tour of Hawaii Hundreds of virtual reality panoramas of the beautiful islands of Hawaii including 360 views and QuickTime tours in full screen www centralpark org Tour New York s Central Park This web tour allows you to head north south east or west from your current position You may also go to the Met Bowling Green Puppet House or other park favorites www postcardsfrom com index html Postcards From America Tour the 50 states www dhm de museen stein tour toure html Tour an Ancient Roman Villa In this virtual tour you can view the Villa from all sides and enter the inside rooms See nearly all the places on the screen which you would see on a real tour There is a short explanation for every picture and a small plan shows you where you are You can visit all the stops on the tour in order or you can choose which spots you want to stop at www castlesontheweb com Virtual tours of castles around the world www tower of london com Tower of London Virtual Tour with audio and images www toweroflondontour com kids index html Tower of London Virtual Tour for Kids www christusrex org www1 sistine 0 Tour html Tour the Sistine Chapel www chinavista com travel virtualtours

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/virtualvacation.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Knowledge House - Learning Resources - Homeschool Information - Not Just For Kids
    more calcium rich foods such as cheese milk and yogurt Calcium builds strong bones and teeth 6 Limit between meal snacking Studies show that how often you eat sugary foods affects the development of cavities more than the total amount of sugar you consume 7 Be cautious about eating too many acidic foods such as fresh citrus and carbonated drinks Their acids can erode tooth enamel 8 Drink plenty of water This rinses out your mouth plus fluoride a mineral that helps prevent tooth decay may be found naturally in or added to drinking water 9 Floss your teeth daily This removes food particles from between teeth and gums where a toothbrush can t reach 10 Don t forget to brush your tongue Lots of odor causing bacteria hide on your tongue Did You Know The first permanent molars erupt at the back of the mouth around the age of 6 or 7 behind the existing baby teeth rather than replacing any of them Children and parents are often unaware that these are permanent teeth Plaque is a soft sticky coating on the teeth consisting of bacteria and food debris Tartar dental calculus is a hard porous calcium deposit formed by the mineral salts in saliva Chewing sugarless gum can help eliminate food particles stuck in teeth after a meal and it also helps prevent plaque build up by stimulating saliva production Research suggests that several varieties of cheese Cheddar Mozzarella Monterey Jack Swiss and American contain substances that neutralize the destructive acids produced by oral bacteria a good reason to end your meal with a piece of cheese Toothsome Trivia When cooking pasta al dente literally means to the tooth an Italian phrase used to describe pasta that is cooked only until it offers a slight resistance when bitten into but which is not soft or overdone Aristotle an ancient Greek philosopher noted that sticky figs could damage teeth George Washington wore a set of false teeth made of ivory metal a cow s tooth and one of his own teeth TEST YOUR DENTAL IQ 1 At what age should a child first see a dentist a 5 b by age 2 c when a problem occurs 2 True or false All children will get at least one cavity 3 At what age are people most likely to get cavities a 12 and under b 17 and under c 50 years and older 4 True or false Every time you eat a sugary substance enamel eating acids attack your teeth for 20 minutes or more 5 What is the upper age limit for having teeth straightened with braces a 21 b 50 c no limit 6 True or false Small children should use a pea sized amount of toothpaste 7 How long should it take to brush your teeth a less than one minute b about two minutes c more than five minutes 8 True or false Toothbrushes with soft bristles are better than those with hard bristles 9

    Original URL path: http://knowledgehouse.info/njfk/teeth.html (2016-05-02)
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