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  • Education: Explanation
    This teaching method effectively develops logical operations induction deduction comparison analysis synthesis analogy Lecture is an exposition of voluminous information that is analyzed and synthesized by professors This teaching method is recommended for up grade students and for students that have a high level of independent learning University lecture is a method used for teaching in institutions of higher education It represents a lecture in which the main role is not given just to the professor it is rather divided between professor and students Exposition with opponent represents a special type of exposition that is characterized by heuristic features Also an important moment about this type of exposition is the presence of the opponent In this way are debated contradictory problems The parts can discus pros and cons advantages and disadvantages etc There are trap questions that stimulate students to thinks Didactic exposition is a simple and direct channel to transfer new information It helps students to see the final result in shortest possible time The disadvantage of this method is passive role of the students who receive brute information No analyzes or synthesis are made that s why information can be either lost or incorrectly understood It is very

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee2.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Heuristic conversation
    their questions and are ready at their turn to ask more As it is impossible this method fits better in cases when you can gather a contingent of interested students conferences interest groups etc Used questions should be open questions those which the answer is not yes or no Questions should make students think independently and avoid standard answers Also it is very important that answers to be augmented Questions it is what helps people get out of the limits of their minds and find more answers and explanations The destination of these brain exercises is want to know That s why little children ask so many questions and that s why these questions should be answered honestly and direct Question contains a part of the answer all it is needed to be done is to find the path Also the way a question is posed can indicate or influence a certain answer Question is considered to be correctly posted in following cases the questioned problem has sense and is real the interrogated person can offer logical answers concreteness and uniqueness of the question reveals something new Questions should be of different categories Reproductive What Where When Hypothetic What if

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee3.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Demonstration
    used materials life demonstrations lab demonstrations psychological tests with at the moment impact etc figurative demonstration through symbolic representations graphics maps schemes etc drawing demonstrations model demonstrations physical objects or their simulation audio visual demonstrations cassettes recorded tapes CDs etc symbolic demonstration examples of different known situations Demonstration has an illustrative character that helps students understand the subject multilaterally Didactic observation is a process characterized by long time or periodic research and examination of a certain item or matter There are two kinds of didactic observation 1 guided by professor 2 individual observations The results of observations are meant to reveal the reality or to supplement the knowledge Observation and demonstration have a heuristic character that should arise interest in practicing them Another two types of observations are long period observation or short period observation Observation usage reaches objectives like explication interpretation description of certain phenomena The direct impact of observation is undersrtanding of information and transformation of it in knowledge The indirect impact of the observation is tendency to reflect it in graphics essays images objects etc Observation helps to improve qualities like patience imagination perseverance perspicacity etc Education steps Education Forms Formal Education Non formal Education Informal education

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee4.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Didactic method
    factual thinking at same rate determination of professor as moderator and observer during educational process Didactic method plays not just the role of settling of educational process but offers a large array of possibilities to motivate students to originally present information to relate to up to time subjects etc Teacher or professor can choose from various didactic methods to inform the needed information A didactic method appears and renovates when there are preconditions for this The main preconditions are changes in society Didactic methods have the following functions cognitive function to open paths and possibilities of discovering and understanding reality research technical possibilities develop cultural background etc formative educative function to create and discover talents abilities capacities behavior skills etc instrumental function method represents a tool for achievement of educational objectives normative function method indicates how educative process should evolve what results should be achieved how to reach the best productivity what are the shortest ways to the cognition etc Didactic method helps to answer the question How to teach so they can learn Didactic proceeding is used in concrete situations Proceeding is a segment of method in this way a teaching educational method can contain one or more proceedings Each method contains its characteristic proceedings which are classical If any new proceedings are added then the method is not pure but is complex A combination of new proceedings can create a new method A method can be considered effective if the involved proceedings give concrete positive results The positive moment about proceedings is the fact that their succession order can easily be changed It highly depends on thought subject and on situation The difference between proceeding and method is not so big that s why sometimes proceeding can turn into method and method can change into proceeding Of course

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee5.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Learning Activity Planning
    generated by changes in society and by up to time requirements Today we also try to get an up to time education and organize the learning activity as efficient and easy as it is possible Of course it is a known fact that there are people with different rhythms of learning and there are people that have specific way of thinking for whom it is required a unique methodology Learning capacity is changed within person s age gender social position etc That s why it is impossible to create a learning system for each person All existing learning systems are accommodated to average level That s why it is recommended to create a personal learning activity system It helps to assimilate needed information taking in consideration memory capacity mentality concentration level etc Some consider that humanity hasn t found a general solution for determination of consecutive learning stages yet Others consider that this problem can t be solved at all We believe that this problem is the main reason of the fact that some students are believed to be smarter than others it is just the fact that the existing educational and learning system fits them it is not about

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee6.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: methodology
    historical periods And also this is what assures results that s why flexibility is not preferred to stability The quality of certain methodology is also appreciated by aspect dosage combination of proceedings Didactic methodology is compared to an octopus each tentacle represents a certain direction practicing new methods proceedings and techniques of education and learning to solve new phenomena in studing process creating strategies and tactics that will make educational process more flexible and efficient keeping a changeable character of learning process giving priority to methods and proceedings that have an active and participating character no dominant method assuring a large variety of methods techniques that are components of methodology should be very different and need to be equipped with a large variety of tools teaching learning process should be based on relation student professor assuring equality of student s access to information and self expressing enlarging methods and possibilities of information search and assimilation cultivation of methods that assure individual learning self education self evaluation self instruction creation of extracurricular activities that will strengthen and enlarge the knowledge received during curricular activities The existing methodology systems have the property of self regulation This mean that if a method in

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee7.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Classification
    point of view general methods exposition lecture conversation course etc particular methods exemplification moral exercise etc 3 from knowledge presentation point of view Verbal methods based on writing and reading activities Intuitive methods based on direct observation sensorial perception of natural perception 4 from participation level point of view expositive methods based on reproductive memory and passive listening active methods based on research and exploitation activity 5 from didactic function point of view with general function of teaching and communicating with general function of fixation and consolidation of knowledge with general function of evaluation and appreciation of results 6 from assimilation level point of view algorithmic methods based on operational formulas etc heuristic methods based on individual solving of matters etc 7 from work structure point of view individual methods for each student teaching learning methods in groups in homogeny or heterogenic groups frontal methods for all members of class combined methods alternation of the above mentioned variants 8 from perception level conscientious learning point of view methods based on learning through receptiveness exposition demonstration with expositive character methods that are results of directed discovery case studing heuristic conversation discovery methods brainstorming heuristic exercise 9 from results and changes that

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee8.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Education: Syllabus
    also determines the complexity of each subject for each grade minimum and maximum possible evaluation etc There are different methods through which syllabuses are created 1 Frame syllabus determines a unique way of syllabus control It is considered to be a product dominated by authoritative and free choice attitude 2 Frame syllabus for obligatory education solves the problem of time distribution in educational process here are indicated activities for all students and for classes individually 3 Frame syllabus for high schools contains a division of specialization of classes or even entire schools There are a series of principals that help in creation of such an important document like syllabus principle of selection and cultural structures this principle is active in institutions of higher education and lack in the school curriculum As the result of this principle subjects have been grouped completed and corrected principle of functionality allows combination of different subjects and curricular domains in dependence on psychology and age principle of coherence determine the homogeny character of academic year This principle determines how deep curricular domains have infiltrated in educational process principle of possibilities and chances equality this principle assures equal rights to all students who participate in educational process This principal determines the obligatory character of the general education principle of flexibility allows passage from obligatory education to other kinds of educations This can happen in case of curricular decentralization principle of connection to social area it helps to plan educational process in a way that will result in needed knowledge accumulation In this sense there were created following types of schools 1 theoretical high schools 2 technological high schools 3 vocational high schools 4 professional school High school represents an educational institution which has the following objectives preparing for university studing preparing for post high school education

    Original URL path: http://www.educativ.info/edu/licee9.html (2016-05-01)
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