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  • Closing session — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    of Target 1 session Conserving and restoring nature 14 20 14 25 Leon Braat Outcomes of target 2 session Maintaining and enhancing ecosystems and their services 14 25 14 30 Eeva Primmer Outcomes of target 3 session Ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and forestry 14 30 14 35 Maurice Hoffmann Outcomes of Target 4 session Ensuring the sustainability of fisheries 14 35 14 40 Jiska van Dijk Outcomes of Target 5 session Combating invasive alien species 14 40 14 45 Ben ten Brink Outcomes of Target 6 session Addressing the global biodiversity crisis 14 45 14 50 Philip Roche Outcomes of workshop on Ecosystem services 14 50 15 40 Jurgen Tack Moderator Panel discussion 15 40 16 00 Eeva Furman Closing comments Members of the discussion panel Photo by E Van den Bergh INBO In this section Outputs Conferences Nature Urban Wellbeing Nature Based Solutions conference May 2015 Science underpinning the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy conference April 2013 Programme Opening Session EU Target 1 session EU Target 2 Session EU Target 3 Session EU Target 4 Session EU Target 5 Session EU Target 6 Session Closing session outcomes LTER ENV Europe session Biodiversity Knowledge project Summer School Alumni meeting Documentary

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/programme/closing-session (2016-02-15)
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  • EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    assessments and 50 more species assessments under the Habitats Directive show an improved conservation status and ii 50 more species assessments under the Birds Directive show a secure or improved status TARGET 2 By 2020 ecosystems and their services are maintained and enhanced by establishing green infrastructure and restoring at least 15 of degraded ecosystems TARGET 3 1 on agriculture By 2020 maximise areas under agriculture across grasslands arable land and permanent crops that are covered by biodiversity related measures under the CAP so as to ensure the conservation of biodiversity and to bring about a measurable improvement in the conservation status of species and habitats that depend on or are affected by agriculture and in the provision of ecosystem services as compared to the EU2010 Baseline thus contributing to enhance sustainable management TARGET 3 2 on forests By 2020 Forest Management Plans or equivalent instruments in line with Sustainable Forest Management SFM 21 are in place for all forests that are publicly owned and for forest holdings above a certain size to be defined by the Member States or regions and communicated in their Rural Development Programmes that receive funding under the EU Rural Development Policy so as to bring about a measurable improvement in the conservation status of species and habitats that depend on or are affected by forestry and in the provision of related ecosystem services as compared to the EU 2010 Baseline TARGET 4 Fisheries Achieve Maximum Sustainable Yield MSY by 2015 Achieve a population age and size distribution indicative of a healthy stock through fisheries management with no significant adverse impacts on other stocks species and ecosystems in support of achieving Good Environmental Status by 2020 as required under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive TARGET 5 By 2020 Invasive Alien Species and their pathways are

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/biodiversity-strategy (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 1 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    scientific knowledge in all member states How can we achieve compatibility and comparability of favourable and unfavourable status of habitats and species all over Europe to allow a sound evaluation at the European level Are there easy to measure proxies for the evaluation of habitat and species status that are applicable throughout Europe Can science deliver unequivocal concepts and definitions that are applicable all over Europe What instruments can be applied to control what s happening in the Natura2000 sites as far as land use change and their habitat and species impact is concerned Can science develop regionally and locally applicable monitoring and evaluation methods that can be applied by all member states that take into consideration the diverse levels of scientific knowledge and that will lead to a sound evaluation at the European level Could management measures and status of habitats be evaluated through monitoring of environmental conditions instead of the end of the line biotic response variables Since the latter are often difficult to measure and can often hardly be managed at all because of their typically hard to control biological characteristics Statement 3 Protecting nature for its intrinsic value is not delivering A successful strategy is to better adapt to market economies and develop Natural Capital as a tradable good What clear cut criteria can science deliver to allow the use of systems such as habitat banking to compensate for probable losses of fragmented and isolated habitats and populations given the unfavourable cost benefit ratio of measures that need to be taken to maintain these sustainably What are the best and the easiest applicable instruments to evaluate whether biodiversity patterns match with ecosystem services patterns at different resolution levels continental regional local What scientific sound methods could be developed that will lead to an increase of societal

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target1 (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 2 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    ecosystem functions and ecological processes traits and structures that are supported by biodiversity This approach will be counter productive for ecosystems of high ecological value that may provide less ecosystem services than more artificial ones near large population centres How can research help make the case on the link between biodiversity ecosystem functions and ecosystem services Statement 2 The mapping assessment and valuation of ecosystem services will lead to the promotion of ecosystem services that have monetary values instead of multi functionality of ecosystems for human well being How can research support better informed decision making processes in particular with regards to management of trade offs synergies and interaction of multiple benefits between different ecosystem services in particular provisioning versus regulating maintenance and cultural services Statement 3 Valuation of benefits from ecosystems is highly arbitrary and complex in the real world of appreciation and will lead to merchandising biodiversity into monetary valuations that rely on traditional economic valuation techniques How can research support work on the transition from benefits i e positive changes in our wellbeing from the fulfilment of our needs and wants to values for which appreciation depends on location relative scarcity time in life or cultural background In other words valuation made not only in monetary terms but also by considering the benefits to other values ethical cultural etc In this section Outputs Conferences Nature Urban Wellbeing Nature Based Solutions conference May 2015 Science underpinning the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy conference April 2013 Programme Outcomes Presentations Poster presentations EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy Statements on targets Statements and questions on Target 1 Statements and questions on Target 2 Statements and questions on Target 3 Statements and questions on Target 4 Statements and questions on Target 5 Statements and questions on Target 6 Organisers Venue and hotels How to

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target2 (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 3 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    by biodiversity protection measures on farmland might be undermined by the pressure to produce more food and intensify agriculture What are the mechanisms by which biodiversity protection incentives for managed farmland produce conservation outcomes Statement 2 Forestry The aim to increase forest biodiversity conservation through planning and other sustainability enhancing instruments is dependent on the formal implementation as well as motivation and engagement of forest managers How can EU level policy trigger new sustainable forest management practices and engage land owners and professionals in conserving biodiversity Statement 3 both The European biodiversity conservation targets and sustainability requirements can increase the pressure to import food and other produce from outside Europe from areas that are out of the reach of European sustainability monitoring How to evaluate develop and enforce sustainability criteria that apply across protected and managed landscapes within and outside Europe even in biodiversity hotspot areas Statement 4 both The biodiversity protection goal setting and policy designed at the EU level might not change the behaviour of natural resource managing land owners and professionals sufficiently to conserve biodiversity How can European Union level policy trigger new sustainable management practices and engage natural resource managing land owners and professionals in conserving biodiversity In this section Outputs Conferences Nature Urban Wellbeing Nature Based Solutions conference May 2015 Science underpinning the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy conference April 2013 Programme Outcomes Presentations Poster presentations EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy Statements on targets Statements and questions on Target 1 Statements and questions on Target 2 Statements and questions on Target 3 Statements and questions on Target 4 Statements and questions on Target 5 Statements and questions on Target 6 Organisers Venue and hotels How to reach the venue Social Events Travel Grants Registration now closed Publications books chapters published reports etc Events meetings conferences etc Policy

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target3 (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 4 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    related companies How can fisheries management promote sustainable fishing by the introduction of fishery property rights while avoiding the accumulation of these rights in non fishery related companies Which regionally and locally applicable monitoring and evaluation methods can science develop that can be applied by all member states and that will lead to a sound evaluation of options to apply fishery property rights at the European level How to avoid that companies that accumulate property rights organise fisheries as a plain industry rather than an economic activity that exploits a natural resource where ecosystem approach is the basis of a healthy exploitation Statement 3 Bottom trawling and the seafloor disturbance resulting from it enhances fish stock productivity and is essential for productive fish stocks and economically viable fisheries As such marine protected areas may reduce the economic viability of the fishing industry How can science assess the influence of sea floor disturbance on the marine ecosystem and fish stock productivity What are the necessary strategic management choices to actively involve the fishing industry in reaching good environmental status Statement 4 Fisheries like hunting is an outdated way of food production and should be replaced by aquaculture in order to reduce damage to marine ecosystems Can science provide an objective and clear comparison of the impacts of fisheries and aquaculture on marine ecosystems Which research topics should be focused on and what expertise should be brought together to support managing the relative importance of fisheries and aquaculture in Europe Statement 5 The health of exploited fish stocks would benefit from a differentiated catch strategy taking into account age structure old fish are better spawners space brood stock merit special protection and fitness diverse stocks will better cope with changing conditions How can research support better informed decision making processes with regard

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target4 (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 5 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    tools are presently available Which equivalent tools are presently available for other environmental issues that can be used here Statement 3 Adaptation to climate change might require introducing alien species that are expected to be able to cope better with changing environmental conditions than the native species despite the risk of those alien species becoming invasive How to fill the ecological niche when native European tree species move to the north and ecological barriers block natural migration of new species from the south How to assess the risk of future invasive behaviour Which unambiguous uniform quick and evidence based scientific tools to assess future risks are presently available Which equivalent tools are presently available for other environmental issues that can be used here Statement 4 A population of a species introduced into the territory of another genetically different population of the same species might become invasive and outcompete that genetically different but original population What examples have already been demonstrated What is according to present day scientific information the current magnitude of this problem Statement 5 Some IAS have useful as well as harmful characteristics e g Robinia and a decision will be needed on whether to tolerate or to combat such IAS across the EU note given the common internal market a uniform approach at EU level is required How to assess and compare useful and harmful characteristics of specific IAS at the EU level Which unambiguous uniform quick and evidence based scientific decision supporting systems are available Which equivalent decision supporting systems are presently available for other environmental issues that can be used here Statement 6 Citizen science is important to support IAS policy for data collection on the distribution of IAS as well as for data collection on public opinions on the measures to be taken How

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target5 (2016-02-15)
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  • Statements and questions on Target 6 — ALTER-Net: Europe's ecosystem research network
    net footprint outside the EU as the most effective implementation of Target 6 This means development of a circular economy and constructive collaboration with economic sectors agriculture forestry bio energy production fisheries trade chains and consumption Traditional conservation alone will not be sufficient 80 of the implementation needs to happen outside the conservation sector Statement 2 Conserving biodiversity and ecosystem services is directly linked and can contribute positively to global issues such as economic development climate and energy policies poverty alleviation combatting desertification improving water and food availability and security and geo politics issues Climate change is developing faster interacting with and exacerbating other threats to biodiversity increasing the urgency for implementation of efficient effective and integrated measures Statement 3 EU Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories are situated in 5 global biodiversity hotspots This means that EU can make a serious contribution to the global biodiversity targets through activities to support conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in EU outermost regions and overseas territories Questions that concern all three statements How can we achieve the necessary mobilisation making best use of the biodiversity knowledge already available and trigger real action on the ground What instruments do we have on national EU and global level In this section Outputs Conferences Nature Urban Wellbeing Nature Based Solutions conference May 2015 Science underpinning the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy conference April 2013 Programme Outcomes Presentations Poster presentations EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy Statements on targets Statements and questions on Target 1 Statements and questions on Target 2 Statements and questions on Target 3 Statements and questions on Target 4 Statements and questions on Target 5 Statements and questions on Target 6 Organisers Venue and hotels How to reach the venue Social Events Travel Grants Registration now closed Publications books chapters

    Original URL path: http://www.alter-net.info/outputs/conf-2013/biodiversity-strategy/provocative-statements/target6 (2016-02-15)
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